By Freedom House
Freedom House's annual press freedom index, now overlaying 195 nations and territories, has tracked traits in media freedom all over the world because 1980. Freedom of the clicking 2008 presents comparative ratings and examines the criminal setting for the media, political pressures that impact reporting, and financial elements that have an effect on entry to details. The survey is the main authoritative evaluation of media freedom world wide. Its findings are largely used by policymakers, students, press freedom advocates, reporters, and overseas associations.
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Extra resources for Freedom of the Press 2008: A Global Survey of Media Independence
State control or influence over almost all media outlets remains a serious concern, particularly as it affects the political landscape and Russians’ ability to make informed electoral choices. Middle East and North Africa: The Middle East and North Africa continued to show the lowest regional ratings, with just 1 country (5 percent) rated Free, 3 (16 percent) rated Partly Free, and 15 (79 percent) rated Not Free in 2007. The average regionwide score improved slightly and was the only one to do so in a year marked by global and regional declines.
The radio market is dominated by music and entertainment, with only 4 of about 40 stations producing original news content. Most journalists in Albania work without contracts, adding to job insecurity and encouraging self-censorship. All media have difficulty reaching rural COUNTRY REPORTS ❚ areas owing to poor infrastructure and economic considerations. This particularly affects the internet, which is accessed by roughly 13 percent of the population and is without restrictions. LEGAL ENVIRONMENT: 22 POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT: 23 ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT: 17 TOTAL SCORE: 62 Algeria Status: Not Free Survey Edition Total Score, Status 2003 62,NF 2004 63,NF 2005 64,NF 2006 61,NF 2007 62,NF While the constitution guarantees freedom of expression, the government has often used legal and extralegal means to harass and restrict the media.
At the same time, an increasing number of governments—particularly in the former Soviet Union, the Middle East, Asia, and Africa—are employing or expanding methods of control over these potentially disruptive media. While crude blocking or fi ltering of particular websites remains common, some authoritarian states have also produced or f inanced progovernment propaganda designed specifically for these new formats. Regional and Country Declines The year featured few positive regional trends, with declines predominating in almost every part of the world.
Freedom of the Press 2008: A Global Survey of Media Independence by Freedom House